1700 to 1500 BC

1700 to 1500 B.C. – Israel’s Deliverance from Egypt

Jacob’s descendants became known as the Israelites. They remain in Egypt and increase in number. As the years pass, the Egyptians force the “Israelites” to become slaves. God calls a man named Moses to lead Israel out of Egypt. To force the Egyptians to free his people, God afflicts them with 10 plagues. Before the last plague, God instructs each family of Israel to kill a lamb, eat its meat for supper, and paint its blood on the doorpost. All families who follow God’s instructions escape the last plague, the death of the firstborn son of each household. Afterwards, this “Passover” – which is observed annually – pre-figures the Savior, Jesus Christ, the “lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world.” After the Israelites leave Egypt, they begin their journey to Canaan, the “promised land.” Along the way, the people often rebel against God. Nevertheless, God guides them with a pillar of cloud by day and with a pillar of fire by night. He also feeds them with “manna” and quails. At Mount Sinai, he gives them his law through Moses.